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外贸名词(进出口贸易)

时间:2007-05-01 15:20来源: 作者: 点击:
外贸名词(进出口贸易)
  出口信贷 export credit
  出口津贴 export subsidy
  商品倾销 dumping
  外汇倾销 exchange dumping
  优惠关税 special preferences
  保税仓库 bonded warehouse
  贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade
  贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade
  进口配额制 import quotas
  自由贸易区 free trade zone
  对外贸易值 value of foreign trade
  国际贸易值 value of international trade
  普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP
  最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
  
   -------------------价格条件----------------------
  价格术语trade term (price term)  
  运费freight
  单价 price         
  码头费wharfage
  总值 total value      
  卸货费landing charges
  金额 amount         
  关税customs duty
  净价 net price       
  印花税stamp duty
  含佣价price including commission
  港口税port dues
  回佣return commission   .
  装运港port of shipment
  折扣discount, allowance  
  卸货港port of discharge
  批发价 wholesale price  
  目的港port of destination
  零售价 retail price   
  进口许口证import licence
  现货价格spot price   
  出口许口证export licence
  期货价格forward price
  现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price
  国际市场价格 world (International)Market price
  离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board
  成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight
  到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight
  
   --------------------交货条件----------------------
  交货delivery    
  轮船steamship(缩写S.S)
  装运、装船shipment
  租船charter (the chartered ship)
  交货时间 time of delivery  
  定程租船voyage charter
  装运期限time of shipment  
  定期租船time charter
  托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor
  收货人consignee
  班轮regular shipping liner  
  驳船lighter
  舱位shipping space       
  油轮tanker
  报关clearance of goods   
  陆运收据cargo receipt
  提货to take delivery of goods
  空运提单airway bill    
  正本提单original B\\L
  选择港(任意港)optional port      
  选港费optional charges
  选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account
  一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment
  一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.
  一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment
  在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots
  在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots
  分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments
  分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments
  立即装运 immediate shipments
  即期装运 prompt shipments
  收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C
  不允许/允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed /partial shipment not permitted /partial shipment not unacceptable
  
  ---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------
  订单 indent      
  订货;订购 book; booking
  电复 cable reply   
  实盘 firm offer
  递盘 bid; bidding   
  递实盘 bid firm
  还盘 counter offer  
  发盘(发价) offer
  发实盘 offer firm   
  询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry
  指示性价格 price indication
  速复 reply immediately
  参考价 reference price
  习惯做法 usual practice
  交易磋商 business negotiation     
  不受约束 without engagement
  业务洽谈 business discussion
  限**复 subject to reply **
  限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **
  有效期限 time of validity  
  有效至**: valid till **
  购货合同 purchase contract  
  销售合同 sales contract
  购货确认书 purchase confirmation
  销售确认书 sales confirmation      
  一般交易条件 general terms and conditions
  以未售出为准 subject to prior sale
  需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation
  需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation
  
   ------------------贸易方式------------------------
  INT (拍卖auction)       
  寄售consignment
  招标invitation of tender
  投标submission of tender
  一般代理人agent      
  总代理人general agent
  代理协议agency agreement
  累计佣金accumulative commission
  补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade
  (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade
  
   来料加工processing on giving materials
  
   来料装配assembling on provided parts
  
   独家经营/专营权exclusive right
  
   独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement
  
   独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;
  
      exclusive agent
  
   -------------------品质条件-----------------------
  
   品质 quality      原样 original sample
  
   规格 specifications   复样 duplicate sample
  
   说明 description    对等样品 countersample
  
   标准 standard type   参考样品 reference sample
  
   商品目录 catalogue   封样 sealed sample
  
   宣传小册 pamphlet    公差 tolerance
  
   货号 article No.    花色(搭配) assortment
  
   样品 sample 5%     增减 5% plus or minus
  
   代表性样品 representative sample
  
   大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality
  
   --------------------商检仲裁-----------------------
  
   索赔 claim        争议disputes
  
   罚金条款 penalty      仲裁arbitration
  
   不可抗力 force Majeure  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal
  
   产地证明书certificate of origin
  
   品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity
  
   重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)
  
   **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)
  
   品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate
  
   ---------------------数量条件-----------------------
  
   个数 number         净重 net weight
  
   容积 capacity        毛作净 gross for net
  
   体积 volume         皮重 tare
  
   毛重 gross weight     
  
   溢短装条款 more or less clause
  
   -----------------------外 汇-------------------------
  
   外汇 foreign exchange   法定贬值 devaluation
  
   外币 foreign currency   法定升值 revaluation
  
   汇率 rate of exchange   浮动汇率floating rate
  
   国际收支 balance of payments   硬通货 hard currency
  
   直接标价 direct quotation    软通货 soft currency
  
   间接标价 indirect quotation   金平价 gold standard
  
   买入汇率 buying rate      通货膨胀 inflation
  
   卖出汇率 selling rate     固定汇率 fixed rate
  
   金本位制度 gold standard    黄金输送点 gold points
  
   铸币平价 mint par    纸币制度 paper money system
  
   国际货币基金 international monetary fund
  
   黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve
  
   汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio
原文链接:http://www.chundeng.com/micai/jrcj/283.html

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